Now that a trend toward fewer traffic fatalities is already emerging, safety in vehicles will also continue to increase in the future. In addition to acoustic systems that monitor the distance to the vehicle in front and compliance with seat belt requirements, intelligent lighting systems that make roads clearer, and continuously improved braking systems, smart seat belts and predictive navigation systems are currently the subject of development at research institutes.

According to this, the smart belts use sensors to permanently monitor the driver's bodily functions (breathing, heart rate). In the event of an accident or cardiac arrest, they automatically send out an emergency call and give an impulse to the driver if he or she is overtired.

Predictive navigation instruments, on the other hand, take drivers' behavior patterns and preferences into account. At the same time, they offer the potential to act as emergency brake assistants or automated pedestrian detection. Although it is still some time before they are ready for the market, the EU has made large amounts of research funding available to drive the development of such technologies. This is not least due to the set EU directive that from 2015 every new car will be fitted with a SIM card that sends out an emergency call in the event of an emergency.

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Nano technology ensures self-cleaning cars

If the nano-coating for car paints catches on, regular visits to the car wash will no longer be necessary in the future. Japanese manufacturer Nissan is currently testing a technology known as Ultra Ever Dry, in which a layer of air prevents stains caused by water, snow and rain - the car always shines in all its glory. Having already successfully completed trials with a self-cleaning rear camera in the past, this test phase is also progressing promisingly. For example, the manufacturer holds out the prospect of offering the coatings as a special paint finish in the future.

Fuel cell vehicles vs. electric cars

Now that the once promising trend toward electric cars is only slowly conquering the market and sales figures are increasing rather sluggishly, the first manufacturers are moving toward the market launch of fuel cell vehicles. Mercedes proved the feasibility of this as early as 1994, and a fleet of the F-Cell variant of the B-Class then rolled around the world in 2011 to great publicity. Hyundai presented the Tucson Fuel Cell at the L.A. Auto Show in 2013, and the market launch in California is imminent. Toyota and Honda also announced their own models for 2015, while at Mercedes the start of series production for 2015 is still uncertain.

With 134 hp, a maximum speed of 160 km/h, a range of 480 kilometers and refueling times of three to ten minutes coupled with lower technical vulnerability during cold spells, the fuel cell models offer an attractive alternative to electric cars. The vehicles are based on an electric drive whose energy is generated from pure hydrogen via the fuel cell; pure water vapor is produced as exhaust gas.

Revolution in the battery sector: "Ryden Dual Carbon" batteries

Fuel cell vehicles are facing competition from a new generation of batteries for electric cars. The "Ryden Dual Karbon" batteries developed in Japan offer the advantages of ranges of around 500-600 km compared with conventional lithium-ion batteries, as well as shorter recharging times of around 1/20 of the previous duration; at the same time, the batteries can be recharged up to 3,000 times.

Complete recyclability, the absence of heavy metals, and environmentally friendly materials offer further advantages over conventional batteries. A cooperation for the use in electric cars is planned with Tesla, although the potential exists to have a lasting impact on several industries through this significant technological innovation.

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Key points at a glance:

    Autonomous (driverless) cars could soon be the norm.
    In a few months, cars could be created by 3D printers as standard.
    Innovative navigation and safety systems continue to advance.
    Car washing is becoming obsolete thanks to self-cleaning nano-technology paints.
    Fuel cell cars are on the verge of serial market launch.
    "Ryden Dual Carbon" batteries revolutionize electric car market shares in exness login.